Trai proposes norms for your smart home

NEW DELHI: Telecom regulator Trai today came out with proposals on machine-to-machine communications that include a new kind of permit for companies keen on providing services for this new form of technology.

The Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (Trai) has suggested to the Department of Telecom (DoT) that all existing operators should be allowed to provide connectivity for machine-to-machine services.

The machine-to-machine (M2M) communication is expected to be the norm among households to control consumer durables like TV, washing machine, air conditioner and the like with the help of mobile phones from a remote location. Under this, the devices will be fitted with SIM or universal integrated circuit card (eUICC).

8 ‘technologies’ that will drive your smartcity

8 ‘technologies’ that will drive your smartcity

Late last month, the government announced another list of 30 cites for development as smart cities taking the total cities to 90 under its Smart City Mission. These cities have proposed to invest Rs 57,393 crore under respective smart city plans. With this, the total number of such cities have gone up to 90 with a total investment of Rs 1,91,155 crore. As the buzz and excitement around the smart city project builds up further, here’s a look at some key ‘technologies’ that will drive these cities.

Water ATMs

Water ATMs, mini sewage, treatment plants and phytorid STPs. Status: 40 water ATMs and 3 mini STPs installed, work awarded for one phytorid STP

LED lights

LED lights to replace streetlights, pelican crossing, 3D zebra crossing, street furniture, Wi-Fi network, CCTV cameras and environment sensors. In Delhi, pilot on Mother Teresa Crescent road.

Rooftop solar panels

Rooftop solar panels of various capacities for green power. Panel installations are under way on NDMC buildings in Delhi. For private ones, vendors and rates are being finalised in the city.

Book parking through your smartphone app

Mobile app to pre-book parking slots for better regulation of parking spaces. In Delhi, the work awarded has been awarded for the same.

Digital libraries

Digital libraries in schools across the city. Some 13 schools in Delhi have been selected for this. 3D printing labs have been set up in 10 schools.

Fully mechanised WASTE MANAGEMENT

Fully mechanised collection, transportation and disposal of waste. Geo-tagged stainless-steel litter bins and development of zero-waste colonies.


In Delhi, government is setting up 75 panels with Wi-Fi and touchscreen facility.


These smart toilets will have water ATM, vending machine and sanitary napkin vending machine. There’s plan tro set up 149 such toilets in Delhi. Of these, 29 have already been constructed and rest are expected to be completed by September.

The ecosystem of M2M is also developing in the automobile segment, highway tolls, public transport and surveillance, among others.

“The government, through DoT, should identify critical services in the M2M sector and these services should be mandated to be provided only by connectivity providers using licensed spectrum,” Trai suggested.

The regulator has also suggested that companies offering M2M services using unlicensed spectrum like the one used for wifi should be covered under licence through a new permit to be called Unified Licence (M2M).

Companies willing to opt for licence for M2M services should pay one-time entry fee in the range of Rs 20,000 to Rs 30 lakh, depending on the area they wish to cover, Trai said. The UL (M2M) permit holder should be allowed to bid for licensed spectrum if it is keen to provide M2M services in the licensed band.

The regulator recommended that the basic services licensees (landline services) and internet service providers need to be allowed to provide M2M connectivity, including in unlicensed band, within the area of their existing authorisations, barring M2M cellular services.

Trai suggested that there is no need to separately allocate spectrum band for such services.

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“Requirement of additional licensed spectrum for access services to meet the projected influx of connected devices due to M2M communication will be revisited by the Authority after WRC-19,” Trai said.

The World Radiocommunication Conference 2019 (WRC-19) will decide on spectrum frequencies for various technologies at a global level.

The regulator has recommended smooth rollout of M2M services utilising the licence exempt spectrum, adding that the government should consider delicensing of 1 Mhz of spectrum from 867-868 Mhz and a chunk of 6 Mhz of spectrum at 915-935 Mhz.

The regulator, in 2015, had recommended price of Rs 5,829 crore per Mhz for radio waves in 800 Mhz band and Rs 151-776 crore in 900 Mhz depending on the area in question.


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